Authors Box

The formulation of a question is its solution.

Karl Marx
On The Jewish Question

Restore to practice its practical truth, we must...reintroduce time into the theoretical representation of a practice which, being temporally structured, is intrinsically defined by its tempo.

Pierre Bourdieu
Outline of a Theory of Practice

If the misery of our poor be caused not by the laws of nature, but by our institutions, great is our sin.

Charles Darwin
Voyage of the Beagle

What "ought to be" is therefore concrete; indeed it is the only realistic and historicist interpretation of reality, it alone is history in the making and philosophy in the making, it alone is politics.

Antonio Gramsci
Prison Notebooks

Destructive, however, as riches and inherited honours are to the human character, women are more debased and cramped... by them, than men..

Mary Wollstonecraft
A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

Europe is literally the creation of the Third World.

Frantz Fanon
The Wretched of the Earth

... as a woman, I have no country. As a woman I want no country. As a woman my country is the whole world.

Virginia Woolf
Three Guineas

Misuse of mental tests..arises primarily from two fallacies..embraced by those who wish to use tests for the maintenance of social ranks and distinctions: reifications and hereditarianism.

Stephen Jay Gould
The Mismeasure of Man

Power is not an institution, and not a structure; neither is it a certain strength we are endowed with; it is the name that one attributes to a complex strategical situation in a particular society.

Michel Foucault
History of Sexuality

... because of Orientalism the Orient was not (and is not) a free subject of thought or action.

Edward Said

... proletarians have not always existed, whereas there have always been women.

Simone De Beauvoir
The Second Sex

... a human being is by nature a political animal, and anyone who is without a city-state, not by luck but by nature, is either a poor specimen or else superhuman.


In a city of good men, if it came into being, the citizens would fight in order not to rule, just as they do now in order to rule.


If the consent of citizens is required to decide whether or not war is to be declared, it is very natural that they will have great hesitation in embarking on so dangerous an enterprise.

Immanuel Kant
Perpetual Peace

Man was born free, and he is everywhere in chains.

Jean Jacques Rousseau
The Social Contract

It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest.

Adam Smith
Wealth of Nations


... the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others.

John Stuart Mill
On Liberty

I will simply conclude by saying a ruler needs to have the support of the populace, for otherwise he has nothing to fall back on in times of adversity.

Niccolo Machiavelli

Present-day civilization makes it plain that it will only permit sexual relationships on the basis of a solitary, indissoluble bond between one man and one woman...

Sigmund Freud
Civilization and Its Discontents

As a general rule, people, even the wicked, are much more naive and simple-hearted than we suppose. And we ourselves are, too.

Fyodor Dostoyevsky
The Brothers Karamazov